Inflatable personal floatation devices (PFDs) or life jackets have always been an interesting topic of conversation, especially when it comes to identification and maintenance. With several changes that have occurred over the years and general confusion around maintenance requirements, I thought I’d take some time to do some research and give you my interpretation of what is necessary to be compliant as a recreational user of NSW waterways
Firstly, something I found quite interesting albeit not surprising while trolling through the NSW, Marine Safety Regulation 2009. There is a clear list of factors that deem a life jacket or PFD as “not appropriate”. From this list, some of the points that I found quite interesting are:
A life jacket is not an appropriate life jacket “…if the lifejacket is not the correct size for the wearer or intended wearer.”
I know myself that I have a number of different sized PFD’s on board, to cater for different people. Looking back though, there would have been times that the PFD’s I did have onboard would not have been deemed appropriate as the large sized jackets would not have been correctly fitted to any of the people on board.
The regulation then goes on further to outline that “an inflatable lifejacket is not an appropriate lifejacket unless:
(a) the life jacket was purchased or otherwise acquired new by the current owner no more than 12 months ago, or
(b) the lifejacket has been serviced:
(i) at intervals of 12 months or less, or
(ii) at least at such longer intervals as are indicated by the manufacturer’s instructions (if any) provided for the lifejacket.
In plain english, what this means is you MUST have your inflatable PFD serviced every 12 months unless specified otherwise by the manufacturer.
Over the years, the PFD has gone through a number of identification changes. As a child, I always remember them being called a “Life Jacket” then PFDs. This wasn’t the only change though, as the PFD which was available in 3 categories was revised in 2008 to include a 4th.
Previously the three categories were:
Type 1: Holds the wearer in a safe floating position
Type 2: Buoyancy vest designed to assist the wearer in holding their head above water and aid floatation
Type 3: Buoyancy garment designed and provides little buoyancy for the user
Now the categories when purchasing new PFDs are:
Level 275: are intended primarily for offshore use and by people who are using items of significant weights and thus require additional buoyancy. They are also of value to those who are using clothing which traps air and which will adversely affect the self-righting capacity of the lifejacket. They are designed to ensure that the user is floating with his mouth and nose clear of the surface at an angle and with sufficient freeboard to limit mouth immersions in waves.
Level 150: are intended for general offshore and rough weather use where a high standard of performance is required. As tested, it will turn an unconscious person in swimming attire into a safe position. Additionally it will maintain a fully clothed person in a safe position with no subsequent action by the user.
Level 100: are intended for use by those who are competent swimmers and who are near to bank or shore, or who have help and a means of rescue close at hand. These devices have minimal bulk and cost, but they are of limited use in disturbed water, and cannot be expected to keep the user safe for a long period of time. They do not have sufficient buoyancy to protect people who are unable to help themselves. They require active participation by the user.
Level 50: are intended for use by those who are competent swimmers and who are near to bank or shore, or who have help and a means of rescue close at hand. These devices have minimal bulk and cost, but they are of limited use in disturbed water, and cannot be expected to keep the user safe for a long period of time. They do not have sufficient buoyancy to protect people who are unable to help themselves. They require active participation by the user.
Maintenance of inflatable PFDs has always been a hot topic of discussion. Some of the most common questions that are discussed regarding inflatable PFDs are:
– How often do you need to service PFDs?
– Who can service PFDs?
– What does a service consist of?
To answer the above questions, I have browsed the Marine Safety Regulation 2009 (NSW) and the Australian Standard 4758-2008 – Personal Floatation Devices as well as several manufacturers websites to understand the requirements of maintaining inflatable PFDs. From this I have concluded that within NSW, it is a requirement to have your PFD maintained, however there is no requirement to have your PFD maintained by the manufacturer or one of their agents, you may in fact “self service” should you feel confident to do so. My conclusion:
– From my experience if the regulations or Australian Standards stipulate a requirement for a competent person to carry out maintenance it will be clearly outlined and defined within one or both of these documents what a competent person is.
– Browsing several manufacturers websites, there is only a recommendation to have your PFD’s serviced by them. If you do decide to “self service” they encourage you to have at least every 2nd service performed by the manufacturer or one of their agents.
Records of maintenance are just as important as the maintenance itself. In the event of a safety equipment inspection, without the evidence of servicing, you would be fined for not having the appropriate equipment. If you do have your PFDs maintained by the manufacturer or an agent, they should provide you with a certificate. If you do opt to “self service your PFDs, most manufacturers have forms online that you can print out, populate and sign off as evidence the maintenance has been performed. Regardless of who maintains your PFDs it is recommended that you keep those certificates in a safe dry place within your boat so that they may be produced on request
In conclusion, the key takeaway points from this that I’ll reinforce are:
– Ensure the correct sized PFDs are available to yourself and your passengers. This is the last line of defence in the event of an incident that may save lives.
– Ensure the correct type of PFDs are available or being used for the type of activity your involved in.
– Maintain your PFD at least every 12 months unless the manufacturer specifies otherwise.
– Keep the records of maintenance readily available if requested.
– If you are maintaining at intervals greater than 12 months, keep records of the manufacturers recommendation.
– If you have any hesitations about “Self Servicing”, have it done by the manufacturer or their authorised agents.
This is my interpretation of PFD usage and maintenance within NSW from the information I obtained through OEM websites, NSW Regulations and Australian standards.